Join us on Facebook
What's Happening
Events & Entertainment
debby holiday photo
Holiday in Sonoma
Columnist & Blogs
more >>
Larry Barnett
Public Citizen
Larry Barnett

Ritual killing and the death penalty

We no longer sacrifice human beings in ritual killings for the sake of a good harvest, though given their effects on human health we could view the use of agricultural poisons and pesticides from that perspective. Capital punishment in America, however, which objectively is unnecessary to protect the public from murderers once they are incarcerated, now fills the psychic role once occupied by human sacrifice. Though no longer, as capital punishment once was, a public spectacle taking place in a location accessible to all, we nonetheless invest millions in facilities specifically designed to house those condemned to die at the hand of the state, and widely announce and publicize each execution. The Supreme Court has just this week again approved the use of drugs for executions, and here in California capital punishment may soon resume.

Ritualized killing for cultural reasons was once a wide-spread characteristic of human society. Primitive cultures used ritualized killing in ceremonies meant to satisfy the imperatives of supernatural forces governing matters of birth and death, fertility and rebirth. Religious beliefs and mythology established the link; the Aztec, Mayan and Toltec people of Central and South America had a deeply established beliefs about death. The Aztec zeal for extracting beating hearts from its sacrificial victims, for example, was directly connected to core mythology about the demands of supernatural beings for human blood, which ensured the continued fertility of the "tree of life" sustaining the world.

Early cultures in the Northern Hemisphere also subjected captives to ritual torture and death; observation of nature and its seeming ruthless consumption of life to sustain life inclined these people to develop rituals which reflected their observations. Often such captives were not treated harshly as enemies but as symbolic representatives of a sacred cycle of life and death - clothed, housed, well-fed and spoken to gently while being tortured.

Even Christianity employs a mythology of tortured death before eternal life, sacraments of bread and wine offered literally as flesh and blood, rebirth, and salvation of humanity. The attainment of sainthood included a passage through suffering, often gruesome and bloody. The Inquisition and witch-burning episodes provide other examples of ritual killing explicitly connected to the salvation of the soul.

Nowadays, we house, clothe, protect, feed and provide for the needs - including physical and spiritual needs - of those awaiting execution. The condemned enjoy a special status in segregated "units" under special rules and conditions. We no longer tear the hearts out of living victims, but we do make them stop beating. We've used nooses, guns, electric chairs, deadly gas and most recently drug "cocktails" to do the deed. The killing act itself now happens in a highly ritualized and solemn process, intended to be pain free and without suffering.

Though now disfavored throughout the world, 30 American states continue the peculiar cultural ritual of death penalty killing. Only this ritual, say proponents, will properly cleanse society, make it whole and propitiate the blessings of safety and survival. One cannot but suspect that "eye-for-an-eye" dictates from an old testament God are also being satisfied, and in this uncomfortable aspect we share perhaps altogether too much mythology with the ritualized sacrifice performed by our ancestors.

Nebraska is the latest state to outlaw the death penalty, and America remains one of the few industrialized countries to allow it. Perhaps nothing speaks to the evolution of humanity more than the elimination of ritual killing, and we cannot count ourselves modern unless and until the death penalty ritual itself is pronounced dead.

Continue Story...
Local Movie Trailers and Videos of Interest - more >>
SUN Columnist & Blogs
more >>
Public Citizen - Larry Barnett
The Sun Eats - Sarah Stierch
Turning Stones - George McKale
Pets - Sonoma Valley Sun
Before It's Too Late - Eric Gullotta
The Sonoma Garden - Karen Boness
Progressive Majority Coalition - Ben Boyce
Taxpertise - Bonnie Lee
Snark Infested Waters - Bob Edwards
Springs Eternal - Gina Cuclis
Board Walk - Susan Gorin
Nonprofit Matters - Dr. B.J. Bischoff
Body Talk - Heather Morgan
What's Up With That? - Katy Byrne
Blog Dog - Will Shonbrun
Connecting the Dots - Fred Allebach
This Week in Politics - Ron Willis Ed.D.
Voices of the New Majority - Alejandro Águilar
Find What You're looking For


What We're Following
Stories of interest from around the Web
Trees not easy to replace; drought takes toll on city trees and state forests
> Al Jazeera
droplet As customers conserve, water agencies are raising rates and fees to make up for lost revenue
> NBC Bay Area
In West County, many homeless show up for a weekly shower and a place to do their laundry  – and response allows outreach workers to assess other needs
> Santa Rosa Press Democrat
Donor class prefers charity to systemic change
> New York Times
Breakdown of the almond economy amidst drought in the Central Valley
> Mother Jones
CA tax officials challenge Blue Shield’s nonprofit statusfor stockpiling extraordinarily high surpluses and failure to “advance social welfare”
> Los Angeles Times
800px-SebastopolMainStreetEdit2722 Sebastopol is considering a ban on chain stores in the city limits – could Sonoma be next?
> Santa Rosa Press Democrat
Health officials caution public about eating scallops, anchovies, crabs and sardines from Monterey, Santa Cruz and Santa Barbara counties
> NBC Bay Area
Big energy users get rate cut while most residents will pay more
> Sacramento Bee
City of Sonoma residents cut water use by 35% comparied with last May, but have the highest rate of use at 108.9 gallons/day
> Santa Rosa Press Democrat
smart SMART gets an $11 million grant to purchase three additional rail cars
> North Bay Business Journal
A voter-referendum has been filed to overturn the new CA vaccine rules
California’s mandatory sick leave law is now in effect requiring paid time off to workers
> Napa Valley Register
Rural residents of Sonoma County have been ordered to conserve water, even if they have their own wells
> Santa Rosa Press Democrat
There are still some great camping options available in the Bay Area for this holiday weekend
> San Francisco Chroncile
Wages continue decline for middle-income workers – still 1.8% below 2011
> Los Angeles Times
air SF cracks down on Airbnb with new enforcement officers  -  but they also facilitate registration
> San Francisco Chronicle
Why Trader Joe’s wine is still so cheap
> Business Insider
Boosts crop yield, saves water, aids soil health… Is Biochar the next big thing? Learn more at free workshop
> Sonoma Biochar Initiative
Sonoma-based developer Darius Anderson drops lawsuit against Sacramento Kings owners
> Sacramento Bee
More Following Stories...
Live Traffic
Link to Live Crime Map